A small group of personas — accounts with unverified operators — from Latvia and Lithuania amplified anti-NATO and anti-establishment opinions about the Baltic states on fringe English-language media outlets beginning in August 2018.
While the subset of accounts was small and achieved little engagement overall, the operation nonetheless demonstrated a multi-platform approach to online content amplification. The outlets on which the personas published claim to present an “alternative” perspective to mainstream outlets, and several have previously been implicated in spreading disinformation.
The personas first posted content promoting Kremlin narratives about NATO and the Baltic states on various fringe news sites, such as The Baltic Word and OpEdNews. They subsequently reposted the same content, at times modifying it to better suit a different format, on self-publishing platforms such as Reddit, Live Leak, and Quora.Read more